Evidence, which all authorities responsible for allowing masts to be placed near homes are ignoring
Datum: Mon, 17 Jan 2005 12:37:15 EST

 Gill Lyden

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN. I thought you should see this evidence, which all
authorities responsible for placing or allowing masts to be placed near homes
are ignoring. As far as I can tell, the only emissions being tested are the
thermal emissions, whilst the ones causing all the health problems (and
interfering with electrical /electronic hospital and 'plane equipment) are non-thermal
low radio -frequency emissions. Human bodies are full of electrical energy (our
brains activate muscles etc with electrical impulses) therefore it is
commonsense that non-thermal emissions can also interfere with the workings of any
bodies which 'get in the way' so to speak.
If EMRF emissions have no adverse effects upon human health - How can 
America be developing ANTIPERSONNEL WEAPONS with them???<< See end of Pandora 
1. Evidence of Effects upon Health of Low Frequency Electromagnetic
Please compare symptoms herein with those noted near Orange mast in Kensworth.
Project Pandora
Historically the Soviet Union has invested huge sums of money and time
investigating microwaves and their effects. In 1952, while the Cold War was showing
no signs of thawing, there was a secret meeting at the Sandia Corporation in
New Mexico between U.S. and Soviet scientists involving the exchange of
information regarding the biological hazards and safety levels of EMR. The Soviets
possessed the greater preponderance of information, and the American scientists
were too pigheaded to take it seriously. In subsequent meetings, the Soviet
scientists continued to stress the seriousness of the risks, while American
scientists downplayed their importance and so humiliated them. Shortly after the
last Sandia meeting, the Soviets began covertly directing RADAR like microwave
beams at the U.S. embassy in Moscow, not only gathering intelligence but using
embassy workers as guinea pigs for low-level EMR experiments and a means to
prove their claims. Washington, D.C. was initially oddly quiescent, regarding
the Moscow embassy bombardment. The U.S. government woke up to the reality of
psychotronics when from 1960 to 1965, the directed electromagnetic and
microwave emissions at the U.S. embassy caused a wide range of physical and mental
illness among many U.S. personnel serving there. Casualties include the eventual
death of the U.S. Ambassador himself. Dr Stephen Possony a one time Science
Advisor to the Department of Defense, now retired, said: "After the death of
our ambassador in Moscow, due to contracting leukemia, and a couple of other
employees, it suddenly dawned on us to have a real careful look at what was
happening there." Discovered in 1962, these complex set of electromagnetic signals
were investigated by the CIA, which hired a consultant, Milton Zaret, and code
named the research "Project Pandora". According to Zaret, the Moscow signal
was composed of several frequencies, and was focused each day precisely upon
Ambassador's office, U.S. Embassy in Moscow. The intensity of the bombardment
was not made public, but when the State Department finally admitted the
existence of the signal, it announced that it was fairly low. These signals were
measured in the short "S" and long "L" spectrum had extremely complex
modulations with a pattern of variations, some of which were quite random. A Top Secret
Eyes Only memorandum, dated 20 December 1966 from ARPA shows the significance
of this project. This memorandum summarizes the initial results obtained from
this program. The White House has directed, through USIB [U.S. Intelligence
Board] that intensive investigative research be conducted within the State
Department, CIA and DoD to attempt to determine what the threat is. This national
program has been coordinated by the State Department and was code named TUMS.
ARPA is represented and is conducting research on a selective portion of the
overall program concerned with one of the potential threats, that of the effects
of low level electromagnetic radiation on man. Project PANDORA was to include
a number of parallel projects, such as Projects TUMS, MUTS, and BAZAR,
involving the CIA, Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA), the State Department,
the Navy and the Army. They were tasked to study the effects of the emitted
Soviet microwaves on animals and humans. In April 1976 the Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger sent the following telegram to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow which
summarized the conclusions of the study of the Moscow signal. Subject: Radiation
and UHF and Electromagnetic Dangers Beginning in 1960 the Soviet Union
directed the high frequency beams of radiation at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow which
were calculated up intelligence but cause physiological effects on personnel.
The effects the Soviets calculated to achieve in the personnel serving (at
least as early as 1960) included (A) Malaise (B) Irritability, (C) Extreme
fatigue. At this time the Soviets believed that the induced effects were temporary.
Subsequently, it has been verified that the effects are not temporary.
Definitely tied to such radiation and the UHF/VHF electromagnetic waves are: (A)
Cataracts, (B) Blood changes that induce heart attacks, (C) Malignancies, (D)
Circulatory problems, and (E) Permanent deterioration of the nervous system. In
most cases the after-effects do not become evident until long after exposure - a
decade or more.There was concensus among Soviet EMR researchers that a beam
such as the Moscow signal was destined to produce blurred vision and loss of
mental concentration. The Boston Globe reported that the American ambassador had
not only developed a leukemia like blood disease, but also suffered from
bleeding eyes and chronic headaches. Under the CIA's Project Pandora, monkeys were
brought into the embassy and exposed to the Moscow signal; they were found to
have developed blood composition anomalies and unusual chromosome counts.
NB> Embassy personnel were found to have a 40 percent higher than average
white blood cell count. <NB - raised white bloodcell count found in two
people in Kensworth 100 metres from the mast their Doctors can find no reason for
While Operation Pandora's data gathering proceeded, embassy personnel
continued working in the facility and were not informed of the bombardment until
10 years later. Embassy employees were eventually granted a 20 percent hardship
allowance for their service in an unhealthful post. Throughout the period of
bombardment, the CIA used the opportunity to gather data on psychological and
biological effects of the beams on our American personnel.
The U.S. government has carefully studied the electromagnetic signatures and
examined health affects of the Moscow signal radiation. The job was turned
over to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). DARPA is now
developing and testing new electromagnetic antipersonnel weaponry. ******
British policemen are now suffering from insomnia, headaches, nausea, vertigo
and hearing loss whilst using handsets with the new Tetra masts in
Leicestershire, Wales and Norh Walsham etc. as have villagers in Kensworth (as well as
painful, bloodshot eyes; nose-bleeds; strokes etc.) ever since the Orange mast
was activated.
THREE MONTHS! (The Orange mast was activated in September 2001)
INSOMNIA-NIGHT AFTER NIGHT - only relieved by going away on holiday.
EXHAUSTION (of course).
EARACHE AND TINNITUS. (These 6 symptoms are the most common symptoms, and are
suffered by all the people closest to the mast)

RAISED BLOOD PRESSURE, STROKES and heart attack (1 man had two strokes -1
when the mast was first activated in autumn 2002 and a worse one when it was
re-activated after being off for the whole of April 2002, he is now disabled).

NOSEBLEEDS - most recently a man visiting his parents woke with his pillow
soaked in blood on Christmas day. When the same thing happened on Boxing day he
took his family away vowing never to return until the mast was taken away. A
16 year old boy 100m from the mast is suffering frequent, heavy nosebleeds
which continued even after his nose was cauterised.

RASHES. A 15 year old girl (+ insomnia, headaches and depression) whose
symptoms continue whatever treatment she has from the doctor/hospital (her dog
keeps developing small tumours on its paws which have to be removed by the vet -
otherwise the dog constantly chews its paws. 2 other dogs 20 to 100 metres
from mast suffered small growths on their paws -1 died, the other still suffers.

On Sunday June 27th, I learnt that 2 ladies having been ill and doctors
unable to find the cause have finally both been diagnosed with a raised white
bloodcell count - see 'PANDORA'. One of these ladies became a widow last week, when
her 51 yr old husband had a massive heart attack and died suddenly. The other
also has insomnia, headaches and feels tired and ill all the time.
In your document re. Public health you say that changes in brain activity,
reaction times and insomnia are 'small effects!!! Not near the Orange mast in
Kensworth, or, I expect in all the other groups of people suffering in the same
way all over the UK and all over the World! Try suffering night after night
of sleeplessness for over three years as people in Kensworth have and see if
you are capable of living a normal life!
I asked you before, and I ask you again, " Have you been into the houses
of those who are enduring this torture?" I have! My partner has begged me not
to do so again, but unless I find out who and how many are suffering what, I
shall be unable to speak for them as they have requested.
I have felt the symptoms briefly in varying degrees depending upon the
relationship of each house to the mast. One feels a downward dragging internal
sensation, starting in the head with giddiness and passing down through the
torso into the gut (leaving a feeling of nausea and weakness), into the legs. At
the worst one's shoulders droop and there is an irresistible urge to lie down
and rest, in these houses I cannot bear to stay longer than 15 to 20 minutes.
I experienced exactly the same sensation when in my car on top of the Arndale
shopping centre car-park in Luton waiting to get out. I looked up and saw
there were 4 or 5 masts above my head.

Other questions I ask are:-
1) "Why are people suffering all this pain not scientifically tested and
treated for effects as are the workmen in association with RF occupations?"
(Somone in authority told me '-it would be too expensive and almost impossible to
carry out scientific tests'. My reply was that they did it in Schwarzenberg in
the 1990s - are we so behind with technology in this country?)
2)'Why set up laboratory tests when the damage is being suffered in their own
To our protective agencies:-
Will you please listen to people who say they are ill since masts have been
erected near their homes and monitor these effects in situ instead of in a
laboratory? (It is impossible to re-create the effects in a lab. because the local
terrain; buildings; position of homes and sleeping arrangements are different
in every case.) Is it not your function to protect us all from harm to our

Can you ignore the above evidence?
G. Lyden

(Unfortuately the illustrations would not transfer)
Dr Neil Cherry

26th July 2000

The Pineal Gland:

The pineal gland, a pea-sized organ near the centre of the brain, converts
serotonin into melatonin. This has a strong diurnal (daily) pattern, with high
melatonin output at night and low melatonin output during the day.
Alternatively, serotonin dominates the day and is lower at night. The Melatonin/Serotonin
cycle is a primary physiological driver of the daily metabolic, awake/sleep
cycle. Melatonin is a vital part of many of the bodies biochemical systems,
including sleep and learning and is free radical scavenging in all cells and
hence is a potent antioxidant with anti-aging and anti-cancer properties. It helps
to protect embryonic fetuses. Melatonin mediates many hormone functions,
assists in maintaining immune system health and virus protection.

Figure 1: A schematic cross-section of the brain highlighting the pineal glad.
(Unfortuately the illustrations would not transfer)
The light-driven daily cycle is primarily controlled by signals from the
retina of the eyes that mediate the pineal function though a flow of chemical
messengers. Signal messengers from the retina arrive at the receptors on the
surface of the pinealocytes. Through regulation of the cyclic AMP (cAMP) pathway,
the serotonin/melatonin transformation is controlled.

A key element of the cAMP pathway is calcium ions. Substances that can alter cellular calcium ions act at many levels involving many cell receptors and cellular processes. Calcium ion efflux from the pinealocytes has the effect of reducing melatonin through reducing the cAMP, Figure 2. Figure 2: The biochemical mediation system for serotonin transformation to melatonin in the pinealocytes showing the signal transduction pathways from the retina to the cell and the cell receptor, through cyclic AMP and NAT to the transformation process, Reiter (1994). EMR alters calcium ion homeostasis: Electromagnetic radiation across the spectrum alters calcium ion homeostasis in cells. The primary factor is the ELF modulation of the signal, Bawin and Adey (1976), Adey (1980). This occurs in a complex set of exposure windows. The efflux and influx for calcium ions also varies with ambient temperature, geomagnetic field strength and orientation, and signal intensity, Blackman et al. (1988, 1989, 1991). Blackman (1990) concludes that this is an established biological mechanism. Blackman et al. (1991) showed that Ca2+ efflux occurred for tissue temperatures of 36C and 37 C and not at 35C and 38C. They comment that these could be very good reasons why experimental outcomes have been difficult to confirm in some laboratories. This shows why high SAR exposures do not produce altered calcium ions because the rise in tissue temperature takes the tissue outside the homeostatic thermal range within which calcium ion efflux/influx occurs to regulate normal cell behaviour. The calcium ion efflux research demonstrates one of the fundamental principles of EMR research. Under given specific conditions the calcium ion efflux (positive or negative) does occur at some combination of exposure conditions, but not at a nearby slightly different set of conditions. This is because of the "window" non-linear nature of the effect with respect to modulation frequency and intensity in particular. Also, one set of conditions that produce a significant effect in one laboratory does not produce any observed effect in another laboratory because it has a different geomagnetic field. On the other hand, in real world situations workers or residents are continually passing through effective and non-effective windows of exposure. There are great difficulties of detecting melatonin reduction in people because of the large intra-personal differences from day to day, and the very large inter-personal differences. Despite this, on average there is a dominance of exposure conditions that do cause calcium ion efflux and reduced melatonin, so that it is observed to differ in most monitored populations in the real world. EMR Reduces Melatonin in Animals: Light-at-night and electromagnetic radiation, are proven to reduce melatonin and hence pose significant adverse health effects. The evidence for EMR is summarized here. Rosen, Barber and Lyle (1998) state that seven different laboratories have reported suppression of nighttime rise in pineal melatonin production in laboratory animals. They show that a 50 T, 60 Hz field with a 0.06T DC field, over 10 experiments, averages a 46% reduction in melatonin production from pinealocytes. Yaga et al. (1993) showed that rat pineal response to ELF pulsed magnetic fields varied significantly during the light- dark-cycle. They found that the rate-limiting enzyme in melatonin synthesis, N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity showed that magnetic field exposure significantly suppressed NAT during the mid- to late dark phase. Stark et al. (1997) observed a significant increase in salival melatonin in a group of 5 cows when the short-wave radio transmitter at Schwarzenberg, Switzerland, was turned off for three days, compared to 5 cows that had much lower RF exposure. Hence there are now at least ten independent observations of melatonin reduction in animals from ELF and RF exposure. EMR Reduces Melatonin in People: Fifteen studies from show that ELF and RF/MW exposure reduces melatonin in people and a serotonin enhancement. Evidence that EMR reduced melatonin in human
beings commenced with Wang (1989) who found that workers who were more highly
exposed to RF/MW had a dose-response increase in serotonin, and hence
indicates a reduction in melatonin. Thirteen studies have observed significant EMR
associated melatonin reduction in humans.

They involve a wide range of exposure situations, including 50/60 Hz fields,
Wilson et al. (1990), Graham et al. (1994), Davis (1997) [in a dose response
manner], Wood et al. (1998), Karasek et al. (1998), and Burch et al. (1997,
1998, 1999a, 2000), Jutilainen et al. (2000) and Graham et al. (2000); 16.7 Hz
fields, Pfluger et al. (1996), VDTs Arnetz et al. (1996), a combination of 60 Hz
fields and cell phone use, Burch et al. (1997), and a combination of
occupational 60Hz exposure and increased geomagnetic activity around 30nT, Burch et
al. (1999b).

The Davis (1997) study involved residential exposures and observed nocturnal
reductions in melatonin metabolite, 6-OHMS. The author states that while the
effect was small it occurred at milligauss levels and followed a dose-response
trend. The effect was strongest among women who were on medication that also
reduces melatonin. They showed a significant dose-response trend, with a 2- ,
3- and 4-fold increase in magnetic field resulting in 8%, 12 % and 15 %
reductions in melatonin, respectively.

The fifteenth human melatonin reduction study is from RF exposure as reported
during the shutting down process of the Schwarzenburg shortwave radio tower,
Professor Theo Abelin (seminar and pers.comm.). Urinary melatonin levels were
monitored prior to and following the closing down of the Schwarzenburg short
wave radio transmitter. This showed a significant rise in melatonin after the
signal was turned off.

Hence it is established from multiple, independent studies, that EMR from ELF
to RF/MW reduces melatonin in animals and human beings.

Confirmation of the electromagnetic sensitivity of the human pineal comes
from therapeutic uses of picoTesla ELF fields in the successful treatment of a
range of neurological diseases, Sandyk (1993, 1994), Sandyk and Derpapas (1993)
and Sandyk and Iacono (1993). These studies specifically involve Parkinson's
Disease and Multiple Sclerosis. The authors identify the magneto-sensitivity of
the pineal gland and the role of melatonin as the biological mechanism for
this therapy.

The Health Implications of Reduced Melatonin:

Melatonin has many biological effects. The melatonin receptor regulates
several second messengers: cAMP, cGMP, diacylglycerol, inositol trisphosphate,
arachidonic acid, and intracellular Ca 2+ concentration ([Ca2+]j). In many cases,
its effect is inhibitory and requires previous activation of the cell by a
stimulatory agent. Melatonin inhibits cAMP accumulation in most of the cells
examined, but the indole effects on other messengers have been often observed
only in one type of the cells or tissue, until now. Melatonin also regulates
the transcription factors, namely, phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive element
binding protein and expression of c-Fos. Molecular mechanisms of the melatonin
effects are not clear but may involve at least two parallel transduction
pathways, one inhibiting adenylyl cyclase and the other regulating phosphohpide
metabolism and [Ca 2+]j, Vaneeck (1998).

Professor Russell Reiter, one of the world's leading medical researchers into
the effects of melatonin, summarizes melatonin’s roles, Reiter and Robinson
(1995), as being:

Vital for healthy sleep, including lowering the body temperature, and
assisting in maintaining health sleep states.

Reduces cholesterol, with consequent reductions is risk of atherosclerosis
and coronary heart disease.

Reduces blood pressure and the tendency for blood clots, and hence reduces
the risk of strokes.

Scavenger of free radicals. This, along with the above factors, reduces the
risk of heart attack, cancer, viral replication. Melatonin plays a vital free
radical scavenging role in the brain where, because it is high in iron, has a
high production rate of hydroxyl radicals (OH). Free radical damage is now
known to play a formative role in most brain disorders, including Alzheimer’
disease, Lou Gehrig’s disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.
While the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) denies access to most free radical scavengers,
melatonin has free access.

Enhances the effectiveness of the immune system. Specifically enhancing the
T-cells, i.e. the T-helper cells and the T-killer cells. T-helper cells have a
receptor for melatonin. When melatonin is received a cascade of events is
set in motion including stimulation of Interleukin-4 (IL-4) which then
stimulates natural killer cells (NK), B-cells, IgA, phagocytes and T-Cytotoxic cells.
The NK cells specialize in attacking cancer cells and virus infected cells.

In Professor Reiter’s book, published in 1995, he describes the evidence that
EMR/EMF does reduce melatonin as a “Smoking Gun” level of proof. That is,
there is considerable scientific evidence but at that time it wasn’t sufficient
for scientific proof. By considering more recent information, and the
extensive results of biometeorological research, and linking the melatonin research to
the calcium ion research, the level of proof can be seen as causal. The
multiple observations of melatonin reduction in EMR exposed populations means that
EMR exposure increases the incidence of all of the conditions identified by
Reiter and Robinson above, including impaired immune system, diseases from
infections and viruses, arthritis, diabetes, cancer, reproductive, neurological and
cardiac disease and/or death. Epidemiological evidence of exposed workers and
residential populations confirms all of these, except arthritis, have been
identified to occur in EMR exposed human populations.


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